1 . Distinguish between authority and power

Answer :

Power is the ability of individuals or groups to induce r influence the beliefs or actions of other persons or groups.Authority in organisation is the right in a position to exercise discretion in making decisions and affecting others.

 


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1 . What is span of control?

Answer :

Span of control tells the ratio between superiors and subordinates. Usually organizations are having two different types of spans. They are

Wide Span

Narrow span


2 . State the importance of staffing

Answer :

 It helps to make use of the Organisational resources.

 It provides effective and efficient personals to the organisation.

Helps to discover talented and competent persons. Planning and executing all those activities are associated with recruitment, selection, training, and Performance appraisal and career development in known as human resource management.


3 .  State the importance of HRM?

Answer :

To achieve competitive advantage over other organisation.

To improve the efficiency of the organisation.

For the fuller utilization of available resources.

Cost effective administration.


4 . What is the purpose of planning?

Answer :

To determine the direction of an organisation

To provide a basis for team work

To minimise wastages in the future

To facilitate decision making

To improve morale of the employees.


5 . What is decision making?

Answer :

Decision making is defined as the selection of a course of action among alternative courses of action. Decision making should be rational. Decision making involves a choice among alternatives.



6 . What do you mean by a strategy?

Answer :

Strategy is defined as the determination of long-term objectives of an organisation. Making the best choices for the future and allocating the resources necessary to accomplish the objectives.


7 . Decentralization

Answer :

The tendency to disperse decision making authority in an organized structure.


8 . Empowerment

Answer :

Empowerment means that employees, managers or teams at all levels in the organization are given the power to make decision without asking their superiors for permission.


9 . Departmentation

Answer :

The organizational process of determining how activities are to be grouped is called departmentation. Departmentation is a means of dividing the large and complex organization into smaller, flexible administrative units.


10 . Informal Organization

Answer :

A network of interpersonal relationships that arise when people associate with each other.



11 . Formal Organization

Answer :

The structure of jobs and positions with clearly defined functions and relationship as prescribed by the top management and bound by rules, systems and procedures.


12 . Functional Authority

Answer :

It is the right which is delegated to an individual or a department to control specified processes practices, policies or other matters relating to activities, undertaken by persons in other departments.


13 . What are the different bases of power?

Answer :

1. Legitimate Power

2. Referent Power

3. Reward Power

4. Coercive Power


14 . Uses of Organisation Chart

Answer :

1. The organisation chart pinpoints the weakness of an organisation. This will helps to overcome the short coming of organisation.

2. It tells quickly who is responsible for particular function.

3. It is useful in showing nature of an organisation and changes if any in the existing staff and new comers.


15 . What is an Organizational chart?

Answer :

According to George Terry, “Organizational chart is a diagrammatical form, which shows the important aspects of an organization including the major functions and their respective relationships, the channels of supervision, and the relative authority of each employee who is in charge of each respective function”. It is a representation of the framework or structure of an organization. It may be a vertical or top-down chart, horizontal or left to right chart and circle or concentric chart.