Power is the ability of individuals or groups to induce r influence the beliefs or actions of other persons or groups.Authority in organisation is the right in a position to exercise discretion in making decisions and affecting others.
Span of control tells the ratio between superiors and subordinates. Usually organizations are having two different types of spans. They are
It helps to make use of the Organisational resources.
It provides effective and efficient personals to the organisation.
Helps to discover talented and competent persons. Planning and executing all those activities are associated with recruitment, selection, training, and Performance appraisal and career development in known as human resource management.
To achieve competitive advantage over other organisation.
To improve the efficiency of the organisation.
For the fuller utilization of available resources.
Cost effective administration.
To determine the direction of an organisation
To provide a basis for team work
To minimise wastages in the future
To facilitate decision making
To improve morale of the employees.
Decision making is defined as the selection of a course of action among alternative courses of action. Decision making should be rational. Decision making involves a choice among alternatives.
Strategy is defined as the determination of long-term objectives of an organisation. Making the best choices for the future and allocating the resources necessary to accomplish the objectives.
The tendency to disperse decision making authority in an organized structure.
Empowerment means that employees, managers or teams at all levels in the organization are given the power to make decision without asking their superiors for permission.
The organizational process of determining how activities are to be grouped is called departmentation. Departmentation is a means of dividing the large and complex organization into smaller, flexible administrative units.
A network of interpersonal relationships that arise when people associate with each other.
The structure of jobs and positions with clearly defined functions and relationship as prescribed by the top management and bound by rules, systems and procedures.
It is the right which is delegated to an individual or a department to control specified processes practices, policies or other matters relating to activities, undertaken by persons in other departments.
1. Legitimate Power
2. Referent Power
3. Reward Power
4. Coercive Power
1. The organisation chart pinpoints the weakness of an organisation. This will helps to overcome the short coming of organisation.
2. It tells quickly who is responsible for particular function.
3. It is useful in showing nature of an organisation and changes if any in the existing staff and new comers.
According to George Terry, “Organizational chart is a diagrammatical form, which shows the important aspects of an organization including the major functions and their respective relationships, the channels of supervision, and the relative authority of each employee who is in charge of each respective function”. It is a representation of the framework or structure of an organization. It may be a vertical or top-down chart, horizontal or left to right chart and circle or concentric chart.